The Yakut Scientific Center for Complex Medical Problems (formerly the Yakut Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences and the Government of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) was founded on the initiative of the first President of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) M.E. Nikolaev in 2001. Alkiviad Isidorovich Ivanov, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor was appointed the first director of the YSC of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences and the Government of the RS (Ya). In 2002-2006, 20 topics of scientific research were carried out in the YANC of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Government of the RS (Ya), a large scientific and organizational work was carried out to consolidate and coordinate the scientific potential of the republic. In connection with the optimization of the structure of research institutions of the Russian Federation in 2007 The YSC of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences and the Government of the RS (Ya) was transferred to the departmental subordination of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences. In 2014, the institution was transferred to the jurisdiction of the FANO of Russia (Ministry of Education and Science of Russia), with subsequent renaming to the Yakut Scientific Center for Complex Medical Problems.
Currently, the Yakutsk Scientific Center for Complex Medical Sciences consists of 4 departments: scientific and organizational and information and publishing department, epidemiology of chronic non-communicable diseases, study of adaptation mechanisms, molecular genetics, which have 10 scientific laboratories.
In 2015, the Institution was reorganized in the form of joining the Federal State Budgetary Healthcare Institution Hospital of the Yakut Scientific Center of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences in accordance with the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation dated May 15, 2018 No.215 “On the structure of Federal executive authorities” and the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation dated June 27, 2018 No. 1293-r The institution was transferred to the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation.
9 doctors, 27 candidates of medical and biological sciences work in the scientific divisions of the Center. In order to improve scientific and organizational activities, the Yakut Scientific Center for Complex Medical Problems established an academic council consisting of 16 members – leading scientists, specialists and managers of large clinical bases.
In 2003, the scientific and practical journal “Yakut Medical Journal” was established. In 2007, it was included in the List of peer-reviewed journals recommended by the Higher Attestation Commission of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation for the publication of dissertation materials. Since 2018, it was included in the leading international database of citations of Web of Science.
The priority topics of the Center’s research work from 2007 to 2012. They were: “Atherosclerosis: epidemiology, etiopathogenesis and development of prevention, diagnosis and treatment measures in residents of the Far North on the example of the population of Yakutia”, “Prevalence of oncopathology and identification of the risk of its development, establishment of pathogenetic bases of individual sensitivity to antitumor drugs in patients depending on ethnicity”, “Genetic epidemiology of monogenic and widespread diseases in ethnoterritorial population groups of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)”, “Neuroimmune and endocrine mechanisms of somatic disorders, psychosomatic and reproductive health of adolescents of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)”.
From 2013 to 2020, the Center carried out 5 research topics according to the Plan of Fundamental Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences for 2013-2020.:
Epidemiological aspects of malignant tumors in the conditions of the Far North, the development of modern methods of early diagnosis, prevention using highly informative fundamental research methods.
The study of the genetic structure and the burden of hereditary pathology of the populations of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).
Regional peculiarities of biochemical and immunological indicators in the indigenous and alien population of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in norm and pathology.
Monitoring of the health status of children of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).
The contribution of metabolic syndrome to the development of atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries in residents of Yakutia.
Research topics for 2022-2024:
Epidemiological, medical and genetic aspects and development of methods of translational and personalized medicine for neurodegenerative diseases in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).
Regional peculiarities of biochemical, immunological and morphological indicators in the indigenous and alien population of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in norm and pathology.
Physical development and health status of the children’s population in the conditions of the Far North (on the example of Yakutia).
Study of the burden of hereditary pathology and the gene pool of the peoples of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).
Close scientific relations have been established with the Estonian Biocenter (Tartu), with the Brain Research Institute of the University of Niigata (Japan), the Research Institute of Medical Genetics (Tomsk), the Institute of Biochemistry and Genetics of the UNC RAS (Ufa), the Institute of Therapy and Preventive Medicine (Novosibirsk), the Research Institute of Oncology (Tomsk), P.A.Herzen Research Institute of Oncology (Moscow), N.N. Blokhin National Research Institute of Oncology (Moscow), N.N. Petrov Research Institute of Oncology (Moscow St. Petersburg), St. Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology, Research Institute of Maternal and Child Health of the Khabarovsk Branch of the Far Eastern Scientific Center of Physiology and Pathology of Respiration (Khabarovsk), St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University, Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine of the Politecnica delle Marche University, Institute of Medicine (Toronto, Italy), University Arctic Medicine (Oulu, Finland), the University of Tromso – the Arctic University of Norway.